Ananda Marga Caryacarya

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Ananda Marga Caryacarya
Ananda Marga Caryacarya Parts 1-2-3 Covers.png
"Ananda Marga Caryacarya": the front covers of Parts 1, 2, and 3[1]
Author Shrii Shrii Anandamurti
Language English
Subject Philosophy
Publisher Ananda Marga Publications
Publication date 1999 (1987) (IND)
Media type print
Pages Part 1=100 pp., Part 2=54 pp., Part 3=76 pp.
ISBN ISBN 81-7252-028-X (Part 1), ISBN (na) (Part 2), ISBN 81-7252-1545
Location in Sarkarverse
SVmap LiteraryWorks.png

Ananda Marga Caryacarya (Roman Sanskrit: Ánanda Márga Caryácarya, Bengali: আনন্দ মার্গ চর্যাচর্য, Translation: Ananda Marga Social Code) is a series of three books that constitute the social treatise (samája shástra)[2] of Ananda Marga[3][4]

Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar[5], also known as Shrii Shrii Anandamurti,[6] started constructing Ananda Marga Caryacarya in 1956, soon after founding Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha. Various additional chapters were added by him over the years.

History

Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, the founder of Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha, constructed the Ananda Marga trishastra – that is, its dharma shastra (spiritual treatise), its darshan shástra (philosophical treatise) and its samája shástra (social treatise) – from the perspective of Ananda Marga’s monistic philosophy. Parts 1, 2 and 3 of Ananda Marga Caryacarya (caryácarya means "code") constitute the samaja shastra. Part 1 sets forth, among other things, guidelines for social functions and ceremonies, such as those for naming an infant, for entering a new house, for giving an invitation, for marriage, for cremation, for tree planting, and for a number of socio-spiritual festivals.

He wrote the original Caryacarya in 1956, almost immediately after the foundation of Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha. Then in the 1960s, 1970's and 1980's, he added directives for the further benefit of followers of the Marga.[7]

Contents

Ananda Marga Caryacarya is divided into three different books—

Part/Book Front cover Number of chapters Short description
Ananda Marga Caryacarya Part 1 Caryacarya Part 1 front cover.jpg 45
+
Publisher's note, Glossary
This part deals with the events and ceremonies of Ananda Marga and human life and instructs how to conduct those.
Ananda Marga Caryacarya Part 2 Caryacarya Part 2 front cover.jpg 9 This part deals with human society, conduct rules and human body
Ananda Marga Caryacarya Part 3 Caryacarya Part 3 front cover.jpg 10
+
Preface, Appendix, Samskrta Glossary
This part deals with all the dos and don't’s related to physical health which must be followed for progress in mental and spiritual sádhaná.

Significance

Ananda Marga Caryacarya is the social code of Ananda Marga, and so Ananda Margiis are bound to observe it. Sarkar in his Supreme Direction told—

Without yama-niyama, sádhaná is impossible. Hence it is also the direction of Paramapuruśa to follow yama-niyama. . .

and Ananda Marga Caryacarya is the scripture that accurately records and described the process of yama-niyama.

Mentions in court cases

Ananda Marga Carycarya has been mentioned in several court cases—[8]

  • In Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha Ltd v Tomar, 2010 case, while quoting defendant's comments, it was said—
  1. the Ananda Marga religion includes a governance system (Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha or AMPS) which is set out in a sacred text called Carya Carya.
  2. the 1992 amendment to the AMPS Ltd Memorandum of Association expressly incorporated reference to the Ananda Marga Carya Carya. The Carya Carya creates a system whereby a person cannot be a leader of Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha at a local level (here a director or member of AMPS Ltd) if they do not follow the directions of the General Secretary of AMPS Central.
  • In a judgement given by the Supreme Court of India in 2004, it was told—[9]
. . . it appears that Ananda Murti Ji, founder of that order prescribed to perform Tandava dance in public as an essential religious practice in Carya Carya, a book containing the relevant doctrines . . . . . . The relevant question herein for consideration is whether the High Court is correct in it's finding that Tandava dance is an essential and integral part of Ananda Margi faith based on the revised edition of Carya Carya. . . . . . .There is yet another difficulty in accepting the reasoning of the High Court that a subsequent addition in Carya Carya could constitute Tandava dance as essential part of Ananda Margi faith.
  • In USA (2011) -District Court, City and County of Denver, Colorado case, Ananda Marga Caryacarya was prsented as an important exhibit.

Translations

These three volumes set out both the organization and the cultural basis of the Ananda Marga movement and has been translated into several languages such as English, Hindi, Spanish etc.[10]

References

  1. ^ "Ananda Marga Caryacarya (Parts 1, 2, and 3) as it appears on the publisher's site" Ananda Marga Publications 2012 retrieved 2012-12-24 
  2. ^ This is also stated by the mention of Caryacarya in several legal documents produced in the Courts of different countries at any time Ananda Marga has appeared. For example, see: -India (2004-1): Supreme Court; -India (2004-2): Supreme Court; -Australia (2010): Federal Court; -USA(2011): District Court of Denver.
  3. ^ The Australian Centre for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Studies (ACPNS) 2011, p. 45.
  4. ^ The quoted official document of "The Australian Centre for Philanthropy and Nonprofit Studies" states, "The Ananda Marga religion includes a governance system (Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha or AMPS) which is set out in a sacred text called Carya Carya".
  5. ^ Giani Zail Singh, seventh president of India has said about Sarkar: "Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar was one of the greatest modern philosophers of India. (Inayatullah, 2002).
  6. ^ Between 1955 and 1990, Sarkar wrote many books in English, Bengali and Hindi. He wrote in the name Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar when treating sociology, economics, philology, and various other subjects; and in the name Shrii Shrii Ánandamúrti when focusing on spiritual topics. Many of his books he gave as dictations; others were compiled from his discourses, some of them in small pocket-books.
  7. ^ Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar "Ananda Marga Caryacarya" The Electronic Edition of the Works of P. R. Sarkar (7.5 ed.) Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha 
  8. ^ "Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha Ltd v Toma" retrieved 12 March 2014 
  9. ^ "Commissioner Of Police & Ors vs Acharya J. Avadhuta And Anr on 11 March, 2004" retrieved 12 March 2014 
  10. ^ The Spanish edition -retrieved 1 January 2013.

Sources