Procedure for Eating

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Procedure for Eating
Speaker Shrii Shrii Anandamurti
Date 1956
Place Jamalpur
Topic Directives on eating procedure
Included in Ananda Marga Caryacarya Part 3
Location in Sarkarverse
SVmap LiteraryWorks.png

Procedure for Eating is the 2nd chapter of Ananda Marga Caryacarya Part 3 written by Shrii Shrii Anandamurti. The chapter is divided into three parts. In the first part Sarkar instructed the procedure for eating, in the second part he discussed the types of food and in the third part, he commented on meat-eating.[1]

Shrii Shrii Anandamurti originally delivered this lecture at Jamalpur in 1956.[1]

Background

Shrii Shrii Anandamurti founded Ananda Marga in 1956. And from right after the foundation he started constructing social and behavioral codes of the organization. In 1956, when he was staying at Jamalpur, India, he gave instruction on the procedure of eating.

Chapter synopsis

This chapter is divided into three parts—[1]

  1. Procedure for Eating
  2. Aharya
  3. Meat-eating

Procedure for Eating

In this chapter Shrii Shrii Anandamurti instructed the procedure of eating.[1]

Vyapaka shaoca before eating

Sarkar instructed, before eating one should do vyápaka shaoca properly with cold water. If the environment is extremely cold, one may use lukewarm water.[1]

The procedure of this vyapaka shaoca is—[1]
Washing the following organs of the body—

  • the arms
  • the face
  • the legs
  • the neck and
  • the genital organs

Then, keeping the eyes wide open one has to hold a mouthful of water and gently splash the eyes a minimum of twelve times.

Inviting others to share food

Before sitting down to eat, one should invite any persons present around him or her to share food. If they do not want to partake, enquire whether they have enough food with them or not.[1]

Eating procedure

While eating one should sit in a comfortable position. It is better to eat in company than to eat alone. One should not sit down to eat in a disturbed mind or angry mood.[1]

Aharya

This is the second part of the chapter and here Sarkar discussed the types of foods. He told, in all object of the universe, one of three attributes – sattva, rajah and tamah – will always be predominant. Similarly the food we eat may be divided into these three categories.[1]

Sattvika Ahara

Cooked rice — a sattvika food, described by Sarkar.

Sarkar described Sattvika Ahara (sentient food) as "all foods that are beneficial to both body and mind" and provided a list of Sattvika Ahara[1]

  1. All the staple food-grains such as rice, wheat, barley, etc.
  2. All the pulses except masúr (an orange-coloured lentil) and khesári;
  3. All fruits and roots
  4. All kinds of vegetables except violet-coloured carrots, white brinjals (white eggplants), onions, garlic and mushrooms;
  5. Milk and milk products
  6. All green and leafy vegetables except red puni and mustard.
  7. All varieties of spices except garam masala
  8. All kinds of sweets

Sarkar prescribed Sattvika Ahara for avadhútas and avadhútikás of Ananda Marga and the people who are practicing asanas.

Rajasika Ahara

Sarkar told, any food that is beneficial to the body but is neutral to the mind, or vice versa, is called rájasika (mutative). Foods that do not fall into the sáttvika or támasika categories are of rájasika nature. In certain countries where there is a heavy snowfall, rájasika food can be treated as sáttvika and támasika food as rájasika.[1]

Sarkar categorized small amounts of tea, cocoa and similar drinks that do not excite a person to the point of losing his/her senses as Rajasika Ahara.[1]

Tamasika Ahara

Example of támasika ahara.

Sarkar told, all kinds of foods which are harmful to either the body or mind and may or may not be harmful to the other are called támasika. He also provided few examples of Tamasika Ahara (static food)—[1]

  1. Stale and rotten food
  2. The flesh of large animals such as cows and buffaloes
  3. All types of intoxicants
  4. The milk of a newly calved cow
  5. White brinjals
  6. Khesárii dál
  7. Green vegetables of the type of red puni or mustard
  8. Masúr dál cooked for one meal will become támasika by the next meal

Meat-eating

People who have a strong desire for meat-eating or who eat meat out of necessity may eat meat only from a male or castrated animal. No one should knowingly eat the meat of a female animal. Even domestic female fowl should not be eaten.[1]

Sarkar instructed not to kill a fish that is one-fourth or less of its normal adult size. He also told not to kill a fish if it is in its infancy or its pregnancy.[1]

References

Preceded by
Bathing Procedure and Pitr Yajiṋa
Ananda Marga Caryacarya Part 3
1956-1965
With: Procedure for Eating
Succeeded by
Procedure for Fasting