Supreme Direction

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Supreme Direction
Am image.png
Author Shrii Shrii Anandamurti
Language Bengali-English language
Subject Conduct Rules
Location in Sarkarverse
SVmap LiteraryWorks.png

The Supreme Direction (Caram Nirdesh) of Shrii Shrii Anandamurti sets out the essence of Ananda Marga and what it means to be an Ananda Margii. As such, it is published on a cover page of every book whose author is given as Shrii Shrii Anandamurti.[1]

Most Recent Translation

In December of 2005, some workers and margiis (including Acarya Abhidevananda), concerned about various inaccuracies and implications in the official English wording of the Supreme Direction, sat together for a few days to churn out a more accurate translation. Their main concern was that the official English wording does not correctly reflect the content and intent of the original Bengali.

Supreme Direction (from 2005 onwards)

One who performs sadhana twice a day regularly, the thought of Parama Purusa will certainly arise in the mind at the time of death and liberation is surely attained. Thus every Ananda Margii must do sadhana twice a day. This is the direction of Parama Purusa. Without Yama-Niyama, sadhana is impossible. Hence it is also the direction of Parama Purusa to follow Yama-Niyama. Disregard this direction and one may have to suffer the torments of animal life for millions and millions of years. So that no one will undergo such suffering, so that everyone might come to eternal peace under the loving shelter of Parama Purusa, it is the binding duty of every Ananda Margii to endeavor to bring all to the Ananda Marga path of welfare. Giving guidance to others about the way of righteousness is an inseparable part of sadhana.

Shrii Shrii Anandamurti

History

The Supreme Direction of Anandamurti was first published in 1967 (although it might have been dictated in 1966). The first English translation was done by Acarya Vijayananda Avadhuta. That first English translation gave the title of these primary instructions as "Supreme Command". The translation variably began with the words "He who" and later "The man who".

Supreme Command (from around 1967 to 1975)

The man who performs sadhana twice a day regularly – the thought of Parama Purusa will certainly arise in his mind at the time of death; his liberation is a sure guarantee. Therefore every Ananda Margii will have to perform sadhana twice a day invariably; verily is this the command of the Lord. Without Yama and Niyama, sadhana is an impossibility. Hence the Lord's command is also to follow Yama and Niyama. Disobedience to this command is nothing but to throw oneself into the tortures of animal life for crores of years. That no one should undergo torments such as this, that he might be enabled to enjoy the eternal blessedness under the loving shelter of the Lord, it is the bounden duty of every Ananda Margii to endeavor to bring all to the path of bliss. Verily is this a part and parcel of sadhana to lead others along the path of righteousness.

Shrii Shrii Anandamurti

In the mid-1970s, the female disciples of Ananda Marga in Australia and New Zealand approached Abhidevananda with an objection to the unjust male-slant of that wording. (In the original Bengali, no such slant exists, and that type of grammatical or linguistic bias is contrary to Ananda Marga ideology.[2]) Abhidevananda could only agree with their point of view, and so he brought this matter to the attention of the Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha Central Office, at that time operating out of Kathmandu (Nepal) due to the fact that Anandamurti was still imprisoned on false charges and the organization had been banned in India. In Nepal, Abhidevananda sat with Avadhutika Ananda Mitra Acarya, and together they hammered out a translation of the Supreme Direction that overcame the male bias. However, it should be noted that elimination of the male bias was their only objective. For that revised translation, they did not go back to the original Bengali text.

Supreme Command (from 1975 to the present)

Those who perform sadhana twice a day regularly – the thought of Parama Purusa will certainly arise in their mind at the time of death; their liberation is a sure guarantee. Therefore every Ananda Margii will have to perform sadhana twice a day invariably; verily is this the command of the Lord. Without Yama and Niyama, sadhana is an impossibility; hence the Lord's command is also to follow Yama and Niyama. Disobedience to this command is nothing but to throw oneself into the tortures of animal life for crores of years. That no one should undergo torments such as these, that everyone might be enabled to enjoy the eternal blessedness under the loving shelter of the Lord, it is the bounden duty of every Ananda Margii to endeavor to bring all to the path of bliss. Verily is this a part and parcel of sadhana to lead others along the path of righteousness.

Shrii Shrii Anandamurti

After several years of non-action by the Central Office in respect to this matter, Abhidevananda instructed that the revised translation be published in the newsletter for Australasia (Suva Sector, then known as Sydney Sector). Anandamurti, still in prison, read that revised translation and approved it. His comment was that the earlier translation was in more Biblical English, whereas the revised translation was in more modern English.

Since that time, there has been no further, officially approved English retranslation of the Caram Nirdesh. However, unofficially, the need for this is great; and therefore it has been done.

Bengli to English breakdown

Yama-Niyama
Yama (Restraint)
Ahim'sa' (Benignity) Thinking, speaking, and acting without inflicting pain or harm on another
Satya (Benevolence) Thinking and speaking with goodwill
Asteya
(Honesty)
Not taking or keeping what belongs to others
Brahmacarya (Ideation) Constant mental association with the Supreme
Aparigraha (Frugality) Non-indulgence in superfluous amenities
Niyama (Regulation)
Shaoca (Cleanliness) Physical and mental purity, both internal and external
Santos'a (Contentment) Maintaining a state of mental ease
Tapah
(Sacrifice)
Acceptance of sufferings to reach the spiritual goal
Sva'dhya'ya (Contemplation) Clear understanding of any spiritual subject
Iishvara Pran'idha'na (Dedication) Adopting the Cosmic Controller as the only ideal of life and moving with ever-accelerating speed toward that Desideratum
Intent is primary, but both intent and action should conform if possible.
Roman script[nb 1] Bengali script Translation

Caram Nirdesh

Je dubelá niyamitarúpe sádhaná kare
mrtyukále Paramapuruśer kathá
tar mane jágbei jágbe
ebaḿ mukti se pábei pábe

Tái pratit́i Ánandamárgiike
dubela sádhaná kartei habe
ihái Paramapuruśer nirdesh

Jama Niyama vyatireke
sádhaná hay ná
tai Yama Niyama mánáo
Paramapuruśeri nirdesh

Ei nirdesh amánya karár artha hala
kot́i kot́i batsar
pashujiivaner kleshe dagdha haoyá

Kona mánuśkei játe
sei kleshe dagdha
hate ná hay
sabai játe
Paramapuruśer snehacháyay ese
sháshvatii shánti labh kare
tajjanya sakal mánuśke
Ánandamárger kalyáner pathe
niye ásár cest́a kará

Pratiti Ánandamárgiir
avashya karaniiya

Anyake sat pather
nirdeshaná deoyá
sádhanári auṋga

Shrii Shrii Ánandamúrti

চরম নির্দেশ

যে দু'বেলা নিয়মিতরূপে সাধনা করে
মৃত্যুকালে পরমপুরুেষর কথা
তার মনে জাগবেই জাগবে
এবং মুক্তি সে পাবেই পাবে

তাই প্রতিটি আনন্দমার্গীকে
দু'বেলা সাধনা করতেই হবে
ইহাই পরমপুরুেষর নির্দেশ

যম-নিয়ম ব্যতিরেকে
সাধনা হয় না
তাই যম-নিয়ম মানাও
পরমপুরুেষরই নির্দেশ

এই নির্দেশ অমান্য করার অর্থ হল
কোটি কোটি বৎসর
পশুজীবনের ক্লেশে দগ্ধ হওয়া

কোন মানুষকেই যাতে
সেই ক্লেশে দগ্ধ
হতে না হয়
সবাই যাতে
পরমপুরুেষর স্নেহছায়ায় এসে
শাশবতী শান্তি লাভ করে
তজ্জন্য সকল মানুষকে
আনন্দমার্গের কল্যানের পথে
নিয়ে আসার চেস্টা করা

প্রতিটি আনন্দমার্গীর
অবশ্য করনীয়

অন্যকে সৎ পথের
নির্দেশনা দেওয়া
সাধনারই অঙ্গ

শ্রী শ্রী আনন্দমূর্তি

Supreme Direction

One who performs sadhana twice a day regularly
the thought of Parama Purusa at the time of death
will certainly arise in the mind
and s/he will surely get liberation

Thus by every Ananda Margii
sadhana must be done twice a day
this is the direction of Parama Purusa

Without Yama-Niyama
sadhana is impossible
therefore following Yama-Niyama
is also the direction of Parama Purusa

Disregarding this direction signifies
millions and millions of years
suffering the torments of animalistic life

So that to anyone
such suffering
will not happen
so that everyone
comes under the loving shelter of Parama Purusa
and obtains eternal peace
for that reason every person
to the Ananda Marga path of welfare
try to bring

Of each Ananda Margii
it is a mandatory duty

To others the righteous path
instruction giving
is a part of sadhana

Shrii Shrii Anandamurti

Notes

  1. ^ For details on the notation, see Roman Bengali transliteration.

References

  1. ^ Anandamurti, Shrii Shrii Ananda Marga Caryacarya Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha 
  2. ^ Sarkar, Prabhat Ranjan (1982) "Neohumanism Is the Ultimate Shelter (Discourse 11)" The Liberation of Intellect: Neohumanism Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha ISBN 81-7252-168-5