Parama Purusa

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Parama Purusa (Roman Saḿskrta: Parama Puruśa, Devanagari: परम पुरुष, Bengali: পরম পুরুষ) or Paramapurusa is an oft-used name or description of the Supreme Being or Supreme Consciousness in Ananda Marga philosophy.[1] According to Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Parama Puruśa is the human being's ultimate object of devotion, being the creator, sustainer, and destroyer of the universe. He is omnipresent, omniscient, and omnipotent. He is ever-blissful and the only abiding friend one may have in life.

Parama Purusa
Short description Supreme omnipresent, omniscient, omnipotent being or consciousness
Alternative names Bhagavan, Iishvara
In other languages Sanskrit/Hindi: परम पुरुष
Bengali: পরম পুরুষ
Location in Sarkarverse
SVmap NonliteraryWorks.png

In the "Supreme Direction" (also known as "Supreme Command"), Sarkar states that one should regularly perform sádhaná (spiritual practices, primarily meditation) twice a day so that the thought of Parama Puruśa will arise in the mind at the time of death and liberation may thereby be attained. He also told that failure to do such sádhaná might result in a very slow spiritual progress, requiring many, many lifetimes and hence millions of years of animalistic existence.

A huge number of songs of Prabhat Samgiita address or contemplate Parama Puruśa. In all these songs Sarkar reveres Parama Puruśa. For example, the very first song implores Parama Puruśa to show the way "unto the fountain of effulgence", to overcome the unbearable "pain of darkness". While describing the meaning of the song, Sarkar stated: "Paramapuruśa (the Supreme Consciousness) is the real friend." In song number 73, the lyrics are about going through life only to attain Him (Bengali: তোমায় পেতে আলোর পথে চলি আমি).[2]

Relationship with Parama Purusa

According to Anandamurti Parama Purusa is an ever-blissful and the only abiding friend anyone have in life. He says human beings should share their deepest feelings only with Parama Purusa. Parama Purusa has solutions to all problems, so one should share it with Him. However there is one more thing to consider. Parama Purusa is omniscient and omnipresent, He knows what goes on in someone's heart, he lives there and talks to the person's heart directly. As He already knows everything, loud sharing of feeling with Him is not needed.

Unification with Parama Purusa

According to Anandamurti, initially jiivas (i.e. individual beings) are different from Parama Puruśa and consider themselves as separate entities. but, but in the final stage of their sadhana, and by the grace of Parama Purusa, they realize they are not separate from Parama Purusa and get unified with Him. Anandamurti-ji used the following metaphor to describe it—

When sugar and sand are mixed together they still maintain their separate identities; they are said to be united but not unified. But when sugar and water are mixed together they become syrup, thus losing their separate identities. In this case they have not been united but unified: two entities have been fused into one.

See also


  1. ^ Anandamurti, Shrii Shrii Subhasita Samgraha Part 19 Ananda Marga Publications 
  2. ^ Shrii Shrii Anandamurti "Vraja Krśńa and Dvaetadvaetaváda (Discourse 19)" Namámi Krśńasundaram